Geography Belarus

Geography Belarus

Heraldry of Belarus

Official name: Respublika Belarus (Republic of Belarus)
Form of government: republic with two legislative houses (Council of the Republic ; House of Representatives)
Head of state and government: President: Alyaksandr Lukashenka, assisted by Prime Minister
Capital: Minsk
Official languages: Belorussian; Russian
Monetary unit: Belorussian ruble (or ruble; Br)
Population: (2014 est.) 9,443,000
Location: Eastern Europe, east of Poland
Geographic coordinates: 53 00 N, 28 0
Map references: Europe

Belarus political map

Area: 207,600 sq km
Land boundaries: 2,900 km
Border countries: Latvia 141 km, Lithuania 502 km, Poland 407 km, Russia 959 km, Ukraine 891 km

    Distance from Minsk to the capitals of neighboring countries:

  • Vilnius – 215 km;
  • Riga – 470 km;
  • Warsaw – 550 km;
  • Kiev – 580 km;
  • Moscow – 700 km;
    Major cities:

  • Minsk (population 1 mln. 921.8 thous. inhabitants);
  • Gomel (498 thous. inhabitants);
  • Mogilev (361 thous. inhabitants);
  • Vitebsk (360 thous. inhabitants);
  • Grodno (347 thous. inhabitants);
  • Brest (321 thous. inhabitants);

Climate: cold winters, cool and moist summers; transitional between continental and maritime
Terrain: generally flat and contains much marshland
Elevation extremes: lowest point: Nyoman River 90 m / highest point: Dzyarzhynskaya Hara 346 m
Natural resources: forests, peat deposits, small quantities of oil and natural gas, granite, dolomitic limestone, marl, chalk, sand, gravel, clay

The best time to visit Belarus is during the summer months from May to September. In July and August temperatures can reach highs of 25°C although the average is 18°C. In winter, temperatures can drop quite severely, with the mercury hitting lows of -4C.
Required clothing: in the winter you’ll need to wear medium: jeans, knits and heavy coats, and good boots at a minimum. In the summer, depending on where in the country you’ll be visiting, thinner cottons, linens, shorts and t-shirts will be fine. Waterproofs are advisable throughout the year